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Knowledge Base Archives | In Fisherman

How Fishing Can Benefit Your Life

How Fishing Can Benefit Your Life

There’s a lot more to fishing than meets the eye. And that’s a reason why you probably weren’t aware that there are a lot of ways that fishing can positively impact your life.

If you can't fathom how then let me tell you several ways that fishing can be beneficial to your life.

Fishing and Physical Well-Being

Full-Body Workout

The main character in Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea fights against a massive marlin for three days. And while this is fiction, it doesn’t mean catching a fish –no matter how small- doesn’t require engaging a lot of muscles including back, arms, core, shoulders, and legs.

Excellent Low-Impact Activity

While running is a great way to keep your blood pumping, it does inflict some damage on your knees in the long run.

The same is true for many power exercises.

And that’s another reason why fishing is a great way to get your body active –it doesn’t include any wear or tear due to impact.

Improves Cardiovascular Health

Depending on the kind of fishing you like to do, you can burn anywhere up to 200 calories per hour.

That is unless you’re just sitting around with your beer waiting for a fish to start tugging.

You’ll definitely get your lungs and heart working if you move around to test different spots, casting, and reeling your line.

Improves Balance and Coordination

Anyone that's reeled in a bigger fish knows that the process requires a lot of maneuvering. And to keep your balance, you need flexibility and core strength, both of which you can acquire through fishing.

Moreover, fishing helps you keep all your limbs moving in coordination to be able to keep your balance and catch the fish.

Fishing for Food

Fish are low in cholesterol and fat while high in protein. That’s why many nutritionists and dietary experts would recommend a regular diet of fish.

And if the fish you cook is the same as the fresh one you just caught on a fishing trip, it makes the benefits all the more effective and rewarding in every sense.

Fishing and Mental Well-being

Family Bonding

I don't think there's any of us who don't remember a fishing trip with their grandpa, father, uncle, or big brother.

And if for any reason you don't, you can always go with your kids and teach them how everything is done.

It’ll Bring You Closer to Nature

Fishing is a great way to be at one with nature as you’ll be doing it around water surfaces surrounded by trees or at a beach.

The fresh air with the breeze from the water will definitely help you become more grounded and recharge your battery.

Teaches Patience

Like actual muscles, patience needs to be trained and put into action.

Catching fish requires a good amount of waiting, which teaches you the virtue of patience and encourages you to be persistent.

Although you may be defeated sometimes, such as when you have to change spots, you’ll learn not to give up and pursue your goal.

Gives Your Immune System a Boost

Even if you haven’t caught any fish, you can still celebrate the victory of getting your dose of vitamin D.

Vitamin D helps your body manage the absorption of phosphorus and calcium –two minerals that boost the immune system and helps it fight against diseases.

Encourages You to Kick Back

You can also celebrate the mere idea of getting some relaxation.

You’d have spent long hours surrounded by nature while you focus on a task that matches meditation.

This lowers blood pressure and consequently reduces anxiety.

Encourages Travel and Exploration

Like any activity, sometimes you'll get bored of fishing in your usual area and would want to go to a nearby lake. Maybe in a neighboring town.

Sometimes, people travel across the world to fish in the most rewarding and enjoyable fishing spots.

And through traveling and meeting fellow anglers, you can learn to be more open to experiences and to different people and cultures.

Final Thoughts

When all is said and done, fishing can be an enjoyable experience overall.

It is one of the most popular hobbies and activities all over the world, and for a good reason.

Apart from the stress-relief, general body, and brain workout, you also get a catch for dinner that can encourage you to follow healthier eating habits.

A Beginner’s Guide to Fishing

Beginner’s Guide to Fishing

Fishing is a great way to spend your time doing an activity that’s both beneficial and relaxing.

But it may be a little confusing if you’re only starting out and you’re not sure how or where from you should.

And that’s why I’ve made this little beginner’s guide to explain everything you need to know when you want to get familiar with fishing.

Different Kinds of Fishing

Although fishing may seem like just letting a line hang and waiting for a catch, there’s a lot more to it than just that. There are many variations, and some of them are harder than the others.

Freshwater Fishing

Such as lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams. This type of water has minimal salt content.

Saltwater Fishing

Such as the sea or ocean. This type of water has a high salt content. Not only that, but it can vary from shallow and deep waters –the latter being for the more experienced.

Fly Fishing

In fly fishing, you lure a fish on a hook by a bait that looks like a fly. It also includes some wading into rivers and casting outlines.

Ice Fishing

You make a hole in the ice using a special tool and catch your fish through that hole. As a beginner, ice fishing shouldn’t be the first type you start with.

Also, you may require a good fish finder as you wouldn't be able to see the fish and locate them.

Shore Fishing

Fishing from the bank or the shore is probably the ideal way to start as you’ll be close to home. Anything extra you might need would also be readily accessible.

Kayak Fishing

Fishing from a kayak or a small boat can be done in both freshwater and saltwater. It’s fun because you can change spots and go as deep as you want.

The Type of Fish You Can Catch

Some fish are quite stubborn and can put up fierce fights. So if you're looking for the easiest fish to catch, here are some suggestions.

Burbot

These are quite common as they feed on almost anything. This doesn’t only mean that they’re easy to find but also to catch. They don’t put up a strong or a long fight.

Trout

There are many types of trout, but the most common are brown and rainbow trout. They're good at adapting and that's why they can be found in many places with different circumstances.

Although they bite for a variety of baits, they’re still clever and learn from the past. So you may have to change up your bait from time to time.

Bass

Bass is quite aggressive and would like to pursue your bait. So although catching them would be easy, reeling them in won't be as simple.

Perch

Perch are common and also aggressive. They’re what can be considered invasive fish.

Catching them won’t be easy because they’re attracted to many types of bait. However, reeling them in could be a hassle as they’re known to put up a fight.

Crappie

They are similar to perch as they’re invasive. They’re usually found in groups, so you might end up with many if you manage to catch one.

Catfish

You can find Catfish anywhere as they’re scavengers that eat just about anything.

Tip: They're easier to catch with bait rather than a lure.

Sunfish

Sunfish don’t even require any trying as they sort of jump onto your hook. Use smaller lures and bait as they’re already quite small.

How to Put Line on a Fishing Reel

Open the bail on your reel and tie the line on the arbor using an arbor knot.

Afterward, place the spool on a steady surface with the label facing up. You have to load the line on the reel the same way it comes off of the spool.)

Next, apply light pressure to the line as you turn your reel’s handle to make sure the line doesn’t go loose or cause any problems.

After that, stop and check your line for any twists by letting it go slack. If it twists, start over and turn your spool to the other side.

Finally, keep filling your spool until it’s about 1/8th of an inch from the rim. This helps prevent under or overfilling.

If you learn better through watching videos, you can make use of this tutorial.

You may also want to check out how to bait a hook or cast the spinning reel.

Releasing or Keeping Your Fish

For any reason, you might want to release the fish you caught. And when you do that, make sure that it survives.

It’s best if you use barbless hooks as they don’t cause any damage to the insides of the fish, enabling it to continue living naturally and peacefully after you release it.

On the other hand, if you want to keep your fish, you want to keep them fresh. You can do so by putting them in insulated boxes, a large bucket with an aerator or a self-closing basket that you can place underwater.

Final Thoughts

Of course, this is very basic and general fishing information just to give you an idea about the process and a place from which to start.

How to Choose a Fishing Line for Your Spinning Reel

How to Choose a Fishing Line for Your Spinning Reel

Before we dive into the fishing lines, let’s establish the fact that spinning reels come in a variety of sizes.

Spinning reels have a fixed, open-faced spool that’s in line with the surf fishing rod. The spool itself is stationary and what spins is the rotor or line guide.

Now that you understand how your spinning reel works, you can understand how to pick the best fishing line for it.

Types of Fishing Lines

You should understand that fishing lines come in three variations: Monofilament (mono) is a single strand of nylon.

Second is braid (microfilament or braided) which is a set of fused or braided strands of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.

And third is fluorocarbon which is a single strand of polyvinylidene fluoride.

Each of them has its own pros and cons. And according to your style of fishing, where, and what you’ll be fishing for, one could have an advantage over the other.

The Characteristics of Fishing Lines

Line Diameter

The line diameter refers to the width of the fishing line and is measured in inches or mm.

It affects many things, such as the friction between the line and the spool. The higher the friction, the more the distance of casting is reduced.

And while the difference isn’t that huge, it can still help if you need that extra distance.

Furthermore, line diameter has an impact on the movement of your lures in the water as it can generate water resistance against the line.

If you’re fishing for a wary type of fish, go for a smaller diameter line to eliminate any water disturbance.

Overall, a small line diameter will provide you with more line on the reel, better lure action, and improved casting ability. However, lower diameter lines tend to sink quicker.

Line Color

You can choose a colorful line as a means to camouflage it as it blends easier in the water. Contrarily, you can go for more vibrant colors if you want something that helps you locate your lure in the water more efficiently.

In a lake or a place with natural vegetation, neutral colors like olives and greys would serve as camouflage.

On the other hand, red and yellow lines would give you more visibility to find your bait in the water and check on how it’s behaving.

The durability of the Line

While no line will last with you a lifetime, the way they deteriorate and lose their strength is different.

For example, braided line dulls and frays. On the other hand, fluorocarbon and mono lines breakdown under the effect of ultraviolet rays and water absorption.

So, you should make your decision depending on how long you’ll spend in the sun and if you’re going to be fishing from a boat or a place with no shade.

The Line Twist

As deterioration is inevitable, unfortunately, so is line twisting.

And while the twisting is mainly affected by the spinning reel itself, the frequency depends more on the bearings system and the line you use.

Monofilament and fluorocarbon lines are more prone to twist than braid as they’re thinner single strands.

Line Strength or Pound Test

The line strength indicates how much weight your line can pull without snapping.

You can go for lower pounds test ratings if you’re going to aim for smaller fish that don’t put up a fight such as panfish and crappie.

However, if you're going for more stubborn ones, you should get a more robust line.

Line Stretch

Finding the perfect balance between the stretching of the line and its flexibility without breaking or affecting the hook-sets is very critical.

If you’re going to fish right beneath your boat, a line with low stretch and high sensitivity would be more convenient.

On the other hand, when you’re using top-water baits, you’ll need something that counters the strike’s shock factor. And that’s when you should choose a line with less sensitivity, and consequently more stretch.

The Line’s Memory

Try to get the lowest memory you can get as that would enhance the line and make it less likely to tangle your reel or rod.

High memory lines are prone to float and twist above water instead of sinking as the weight doesn’t hold them down.

Final Thoughts

Your style of fishing and your target type of fish will dictate the kind of line you'll need on your spinning reel.

Monofilament line is the most affordable option, and that’s why many anglers choose it.

However, it does have a lot of stretches, has noticeable spool memory and is a lot less sensitive than braided or fluorocarbon lines.

Because it’s colorless and less visible, fluorocarbon usually acts as a lead material and isn’t used to fill an entire spool. It’s the ideal choice if you’re fishing in clear water. Furthermore, it has reduced line memory and stretch than monofilament line.

Note: Some lines are only fluorocarbon-coated, which means they'll have the characteristics of monofilament rather than fluorocarbon.

Finally, braid lines are the strongest as they’re made from several strands. They have little to no stretch properties and therefore are incredibly sensitive.

However, they're more prone to break and fray in a shorter period compared to other lines. They also can't fight the effects of UV and water absorption so much.

Braided line also can’t be used for camouflage as it’s quite visible. Also, it will scare fish away if you use it for fishing in clear water.

How To Catch Trout: 7 Top Trout Fishing Tips

Trout Fishing Tips

Although there are numerous species of trout, anglers usually go for the 3 most popular ones: Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout, and Brook Trout.

Understanding the behavior of each species and advancing your techniques to keep up can really enhance the chances of getting more catches.

And if that’s what you’re looking for, this guide will provide you with all the information and tips you need.

Read more: Best Trout Spinning Reels 2019 – Buyer’s Guide

7 Tips for Catching Trout

1. Go For Smaller Hooks

Although trout have larger mouths, they consumer smaller food such as tiny bait fish, larvae, insects, as well as plankton.

I found that the smaller the diameter of my fishing hooks, the more successful my hook sets were.

It’s also worth mentioning that trout generally have more fragile mouths, so using smaller hooks and keeping them firm but not strong will ensure that no damage is inflicted on the mouths of your catches.

2. Reduce Barbs

Even more important than the smaller hook sizes are the barbless ones.

You can either go for barbless hooks or use a pair of pliers to pinch down the soft metal barbs. The latter would be the more economical option.

Despite the fact that barbs ensure that the fish will remain hooked, it does cause considerable damage when you’re unhooking it.

And I know that losing your catch without the barbs might be a concern for you. That’s why I recommend keeping the line very tight throughout the whole battle against the fish.

The line slacking is the perfect opportunity for the trout to spit the hook, so you shouldn’t give it that chance.

3. Match the Hatch

There’s no fishing guide that won’t include this particular tip.

Actually, whatever your prey is, getting a lure that imitates what it feeds on is the most effective way to maximize your catches.

If you're unsure about what lure to use for the species you're after, I've made a whole section for that a little down below.

4. Experiment with Lures to Find the Proper One

Although it's common knowledge that specific species go for certain types of lure, you can still experiment with various types when you're fishing on a large reservoir.

So for example, if you’re fishing for Rainbow trout, have a spoon on one line, a spinner on another, and a plug on the third.

Whatever the hook that gets bites should be your choice for the day.

5. Go for Live Bait If Allowed

Live bait can be as effective as fly fishing for catching moving trout.

Small minnows, worms, wax worms, smelt, grasshoppers, and meal-worms can all be great if you’re fishing for Rainbow trout.

6. Research Water in Your Area

Asking local fisheries biologists is one of the most helpful ways that you can use to increase your catches.

After all, these professionals are the ones that stock rivers and lakes with fish, set the daily fishing limits, and manage fish populations.

Doing some online research can also help you find the best bait and tackle shops. There, you can ask for tips on which bait to use and where to find your catches.

7. Understand where to Find Trout

Generally, trout are found in cold water. Be it a river, lake, stream, or pond.

And because they’re accessible wildlife food, you’ll definitely find them in the woods where bears, bobcats, and other animals fish for food.

In deeper lakes, you can find trout of larger sizes and evidently tougher battles. They’ll usually be feeding on smaller fish in the depths of lakes –especially during the salmon spawn.

Different Types of Trout, Their Locations, and How to Catch Them

1. Rainbow Trout

  • Where to find them

Rainbow trout like to swim around clear, cold headwaters, creeks, lakes, and rivers –especially of faster currents-.

  • How to catch them

Similar to mahi-mahi fish, rainbow trout take to the sky as soon as they’re hooked.

It’s quite common to see them jumping into the air while they’re attached to your line.

So fly fishing is the way to go with rainbow trout.

2. Brown Trout

  • Where to find them

Smaller brown trout prefer water with slow currents. The bigger they get, the slower they prefer the current. So, you'll find bigger ones around boulders or cut-banks.

Moreover, you’ll likely find more of them in cool, high-gradient streams and cold lakes.

  • How to catch them

This particular species of trout are smart and can even learn from the past, which means you should always plan to outsmart them.

The best time to fish for them is around dusk and when it’s getting darker as this is when they leave their hideouts and roam the water to feed.

3. Brook Trout

  • Where to find them

Brook trout go for pools and inner bends of streams. You’ll likely find them in clear, cool, and well-oxygenated creeks.

Small to medium-sized rivers and lakes are also good spots to find brook trout.

  • How to catch them

When you’ve found very cold water, you’ll likely find them in higher elevations.

They’re not the smartest in the bunch, but they’re pretty stubborn and will put up a fight, so keep your line tight.

4. Lake Trout

  • Where to find them

Lake trout like to swim around the edge banks right after the ice has melted out or around the late fall. Otherwise, you’ll find them at the bottom of lakes.

  • How to catch them

Use soft-bodied aquatic invertebrates such as flies, mayflies, stone-flies, caddisflies, dragonflies, and mollusks.

Fly fishing is also very effective with lake trout.

Using baits such as blood-worms, meal-worms, shrimp, and insects can prove quite effective.

5. Golden Trout

  • Where to find them

Golden trout will likely be swimming in the high sierras and in the Upper Kern River system.

You can also find them in streams or other waterways as they tend to hybridize with rainbow trout.

  • How to catch them

Golden trout won’t be found below 10,000 feet, so there’s no need to dig too deep.

However, you’ll need to bring your best bait as they’re quite picky eaters.

They usually go for chironomids (midges), so luring them with flies and similar tackle wouldn’t be quite difficult.

6. Cutthroat Trout

  • Where to find them

From northern California to Alaska and along the coast and east into some states like Colorado and Montana, cutthroat trout like small rivers, lakes, and gravel-bottom creeks.

  • How to catch them

Look for cutthroat trout around quiet eddies and behind snags. This is because –like brook trout- they prefer being around quiet current tongues, under rock ledges, and along undercut banks.

You can easily fool them with big, bushy flies. Adding tinsel can go a long way too.

Be prepared for a fight, however, as cutthroats are quite stubborn and as fierce as their name implies. And some patience if you’re fishing for them in the morning.

7.  Bull Trout

  • Where to find them

Bull trout prefer deep pools as well as snow and glacial runoff.

You can find them in the Arctic Pacific and east of Alaska. They’re also found north of Oregon up through British Columbia.

How To Catch Bass: 9 Top Bass Fishing Tips

Bass Fishing Tips

Catching a big bass fish is a pretty tough task. On this list, we’ve gathered the best tips and techniques that will help you increase your chances of catching bass.

Read more: Best Bass Spinning Reels - Buyer's Guide

1. Where There’s Cover, There’s Bass

The easiest place to find bass is around cover. This particular breed likes to take cover behind rocks, wood, boat docks, lily pads, grass, whatever it may be.

And that’s why you should look for these things and put your lure there to maximize your chances of getting a catch.

This is not to say that bass don’t roam out in the open, but they could be harder to locate that way.

2. Get Lure That Looks Like Their Prey

Bass fish feed on a diverse range of prey –from baitfish such as shad and bluegill to baby ducks.

Therefore, when you’re fishing for bass, you should get lure that imitates the kind of prey your bass will typically go after.

In essence, if your bass feeds on shad, use a silver-colored crankbait or swimbait.

On the other hand, if it's small minnows that bass feed on, go for a drop-shot rig.

3. Be Flexible

You won’t make it very far as a bass angler if you’re one-dimensional and not open to trying new and different techniques.

Your best bet is to continuously look for new places and different techniques.

This means you should experiment with new waters and find ways to adapt to other fishing conditions there.

So if you’re already familiar with murky water and spinnerbaits, try fishing in a lake with clear water.

4. Be Aware of the Relationship Between Weather and Bass

Understanding how drastic the effect of the weather can be on the behavior of bass can go a long way.

Bass are more likely to be active and come out to feed when the weather is cloudy.

And under these circumstances, you should go for moving baits like chatter baits, spinnerbaits, and topwater plugs.

Contrarily, bass tend to stick close to cover when the sun is shining.

In that case, you should go with a bottom bouncing bait like Texas-rigged soft plastic or a jig.

5. Be Aware of the Water Temperature

Water temperatures can vary a lot from one location to another and depending on the time of year.

The activity of bass and their feeding patterns can also be impacted by the water’s temperature.

When it comes to cooler water temperatures, you should go for slower moving baits.

On the other hand, faster, more energetic lures are better-suited for warmer water.

6. Understand How Wind Can Affect Your Bass Fishing

You may find that when the wind is blowing faster than 15 MPH, it’s more difficult and frustrating to fish.

But even under those circumstances, you should still find the way it would positively boost your fishing.

This is because the wind usually stimulates bass and bring them out from behind their covers.

Moreover, the disturbance on the water’s surface caused by the wind will act as the perfect camouflage for your moving boat, making fishing on-the-go a lot easier.

7. Practice Your Knot-Tying Skills

Don’t leave a possibility for a bad knot to ruin a catch for you.

Make sure you've got your knot practiced near perfection to save time and catch more fish on your trip.

Tying fishing knots is one of the most important things to learn when it comes to tips and techniques.

8. Use Technology to Your Advantage

Technology has made everything easier, and this doesn’t exclude fishing.

Apart from fish finders and sonars, you can make use of services like Google Earth and Fishidy to better understand the locations at which you’ll be fishing.

By identifying key areas of a body of water, you can predict where the fish will be and consequently develop a plan for your fishing day before you even get to the spot.

Make sure that you’ve identified creeks, ledges, and other hiding areas where the bass will be.

9. Be Patient and Determined

If you don’t find bass in your desired location, don’t give up on it right away.

Bass are generally shy and it may take some time to actually catch any.

It’s best to have confidence in the technique and lure you use and then some patience to pick apart every inch of the cover where your bass may be hiding.

How to Clean and Maintain a Spinning Reel

How to clean and maintain a spinning reel

Cleaning your spinning reel is an essential part of keeping it up and running.

If you don’t regularly clean and lubricate your reel, it will gradually lose its functionality.

And if you think taking care of a spinning reel is a tough task, we have all the tips and tricks you need to do it as easily and effectively as possible.

There are two types of cleaning and maintenance. The one that is quick and can be frequent, and the one that takes time and is done from time to time.

Spinning Reel Maintenance & Cleaning: Outside 

Step 1: Organize Your Tools

Gather all the supplies and tools you’ll need and keep them organized to start taking apart your reel.

There are many parts on a spinning reel, and a lot of them are small and can be lost easily.

A helpful trick is to lay a mat or a towel over the area in which you’ll work.

Then, you should stick long pieces of tape that are labeled with numbers that go in the order you took apart your reel. This way, you’ll know how to put it back together step-by-step.

Step 2: Take Your Reel Apart

Make sure to start with a clean reel, so maybe follow the quick routine mentioned above if your reel isn’t clean.

Take your time exploring the parts, how they can be unscrewed, and number them somehow to be able to build your reel back together.

A very important step to take before removing the spool is securing your fishing line. Otherwise, you’ll be faced with a nightmare of tangled lines.

You can use a piece of masking tape to stick the line on the spool or you can completely remove it and store it somewhere until the cleaning is done.

On top of that, you can user tweezers to pick up the smaller parts.

Step 3: Thorough Cleaning

Using a toothbrush can help you clean every part thoroughly and reach tougher parts.

Make sure that you remove all the residue on the parts and don’t rush the process.

Step 4: Greasing the Gears

After you’ve cleaned the parts of the reel, use a toothpick to apply a light coating of grease to the gears inside the reel.

Make sure you apply the grease to the lower set of gear teeth only.

Applying grease to the upper set of gear teeth would probably result in that grease being spread to other parts of your reel.

Step 5: Oiling the Bearings

The bearings on the reel are what make it crank smoothly and seamlessly.

You can either get a specialty bearing cleaning solution or use a basic lighter fluid.

After applying your choice of solution, scrub the bearings with a brush and spin them to test how clean and smooth they are.

As long as they don’t spin, keep brushing.

After you’re done with cleaning the bearings, use a toothpick to add bearing oil.

Step 6: Reassemble the Reel

After you’ve cleaned and lubricated everything, it’s time to put it back together.

If you mix the parts’ order up, you can use the help of the explosion diagram included with your reel.

Spinning Reel Maintenance & Cleaning: Inside

You should make this a routine after every fishing trip to ensure that your reel stays working properly for as long as possible.

1. Loosen the drag completely and remove your spinning reel from the rod.

2. Wipe off the dirt and grime with a soft cloth that’s moistened by freshwater.

When you run water on the built-up dirt and sand, it can help remove these residues.
Make sure that you use a sink instead of a hose as high water pressure might actually push the dirt deeper inside the reel.

3. Dry your reel thoroughly with a dry piece of cloth.

4. Spray your reel with WD-40 or something like it from time to time to keep the water and grit off of your gear. Be careful not to get any of the solvents on the line, however.

5. After you’re done, attach your gear again.

Final Thoughts

While the cleaning procedures may seem like a tedious task, they’re very important in keeping your reel smooth and efficient.

Moreover, thorough cleaning once a year will extend the durability of your reel for a considerable amount of time.

And finally, nothing works better than a kempt reel.

How Does Spinning Reels Work

How a Spinning Reel Work

The spinning reel is probably the most popular choice of reel for bait fishing among recreational anglers. Due to it being very easy to use and also being efficient most recreational anglers at some point use this type of reel.

 

The spinning reel got its name because of the rotating bail wires and bail arms that go around the spool.

 

A spinning reel is made up of 8 main parts: the foot, the handle, the body, the anti-reverse switch, the bail, the spool release, the line spool, the drag adjustment, and the line roller.

 

Each of them is an important part that performs a certain function. And if you want to have an in-depth background regarding the job of each part, here’s an overview.

 

·      The Basic Mechanism

A spool is a cylindrical object where the line is wounded around to allow the line to be cast and retrieved.

 

The spool itself does not spin around but it moves up and down along the reel to allow the line to be rewind back on itself evenly.

 

This allows the line to spool from bottom to top and from top to bottom so it doesn’t bunch up and down.

 

If the spinning reel lacked this feature the line would bunch up in the top, bottom or at the middle of the spool. Those bunches can build up to a point where it would make it very hard for the rotor arm and the bail wire to circle around the spool.

 

 

·      The Bail Arm

A very obvious component of the spinning reel is the bail arm. It is a wire contraption that is bent across the top of the spool.

 

Its function is to help manage the line. When the bail is in a closed position the line does not pull and you can retrieve it.

 

If you want to cast the line you hold the line near the fishing rod itself by one finger, and flip the bail arm in the other direction allowing for the line to be cast.

 

You then jerk the fishing rod in the direction you want the line to go and release your finger from over the line and watch the line fly towards the water.

 

Then when you want to retrieve the line or stop it at a certain point you either flip the bail arm to a closed position or just crank the handle to retrieve the line and the automatic bail closure will flip the bail for you.

 

·      The Reel’s Foot

Another distinct feature of the spinning wheel is a handle-like object designed like a long neck which is called reel foot.

 

The reason it is designed like a long neck is because it hangs underneath the fishing rod connecting both the rod and the reel together, allowing enough space for the bail to spin while casting or retrieving your line in a way that doesn’t interfere with your fingers or the fishing rod itself.

 

Likewise for the handle found on the side of the reel, designed to be long enough to leave adequate room between the spinning reel and your hands.

 

·      User-friendly

One of the features of the spinning reel that it’s both right and left-handed friendly.

 

Since you can unscrew the handle from the right side by removing the screw on the left side and attaching the handle to the left side of the reel and put the screw on the right side.

 

Also, the screws on the handle can be helpful when storing the reel, since the handle is too long it might hook on stuff around, essentially damaging the handle.

 

You just loosen the screw on the reel until you feel the hinge loosening up, then press on the handle itself to fold it or stick it near the body of the spool and re-tighten the screw again.

 

·      The Anti-Reverse Switch

Another feature on the spinning reel is a button called the anti-reverse.

While it’s on the on position you can only crank your handle in one direction, either to cast your line or retrieve it and the mode of switching directions is just by flipping the bail arm from one direction to the other.

 

When you switch the anti-reverse button to the off position you can crank your handle in both directions to cast or retrieve.

 

The anti-reverse button is more friendly to beginners since disabling it shuts of the gearing system in the reel, basically putting the reel on manual mode.

 

This means that when you cast your line and it’s pulled it would keep going until you start retrieving. So inexperienced users may lose line if it’s pulled and they are unaware.

 

·      The Drag System

Drag systems exist on the cap of the spool (called front drag system) or on the rear of the spinning real (called rear drag system). Drag systems add tension to the line as it's being pulled off the reel. 

 

Adding drag makes it harder to pull off the reel,  and vice versa.

 

Whether the front or rear drag system is better is a matter of personal preference. Where some see the rear drag system easier to use, Others see that the front drag system is more spontaneous.

 

 

How to Choose a Spinning Reel

How to Pick a Spinning Reel

Good performance requires that you own reliable equipment, and that’s why despite how talented an experienced you are at fishing, you need a good spinning reel.

A spinning reel is comprised of 8 parts: the body, the anti-reverse switch, the foot, the handle, the line spool, the spool release, the bail, the line roller, and the drag adjustment.

Each of these parts performs a job and is related to a certain feature. Let’s check these features out and find out what you should look for when you’re trying to choose a spinning reel.

1. The Size of the Reel

You should match the size of the reel you pick to the size of the fish you intend to catch.

This also related to the size of the fishing line you’ll use, and the lighter the line, the smaller the reel should be.

So if the average line strength you need is 8 pounds, go for a medium-sized reel that’s rated for 6,8, and 10 pounds.

If a reel states a “6 LB/ 90 YDS” rating, then that would be the average. This line is suited for lines weighing between 4 and 8 pounds.

The 3 sizes you’ll find are:

  • Small-Sized Reels

These ones range from 1000 (10) to 3500 (35). They can handle mono lines ranging between 2 to 10 pounds and braid lines ranging between 4 to 14 pounds.

You can use them to catch smaller fish like bass, flathead, and bream. They’re also more suitable for light fishing in rivers, harbors, and lakes.

  • Medium-Sized Reels

These range from 4000 (40) to 5500 (55). They can handle mono lines between 8 to 14 pounds and braid lines between 8 to 25 pounds.

They’re the best for lakes, light off-shore boat fishing, bays, and for catching fish like Morwong, Dummer, Snapper, Cod, Barramundi, Bone Fish, and Mulloway.

  • Large-Sized Reels

These range from 6000 (60) to 10,500. They can work with monolines from 12 pounds to over 44 pounds and braid lines from 12 pounds to over 50 pounds.

Large-sized reels are best suitable for rock fishing, beach fishing, and boat fishing.

You can use them to catch Samson, Mulloway, Kingfish, Australian Salmon, Tuna, and Trout.

2. The Body and Weight of the Reel

The body or the housing of the reel can be made of either graphite or aluminum. Sometimes it can be a combination of both.

Aluminum bodies are evidently stronger and don’t flex as much as graphite ones.

On the other hand, graphite bodies are much lighter, so it’s more suitable for an angler that spends an extended period of time.

Moreover, if you’re going to be fishing in freshwater, an aluminum body would suit you well.

However, saltwater requires a graphite reel as an aluminum one would be less prone to corrosion.

Double-check that your reel’s mechanical parts move smoothly with no back play and that it doesn’t have any loose parts.

3. The Reel’s Gear Ratio

A spinning reel has a fixed reel where the line is wrapped onto the spool with the help of the bail as you turn the handle.

The gear ratio indicates how many times the bail rotates around the spool with each turn of the handle.

For one turn of the handle, the bail on a reel with a 4:1 gear ratio would rotate 4 times around the spool.

A 4:1 would be considered a slow-speed reel as it doesn’t collect that much line with each crank.

This gives it the advantage of extra torque to handle bigger fish. That’s why a 6:1 high-speed gear would be better for medium to small-sized fish.

If you’ve don’t have the budget to buy multiple reels with different gear ratios, you can go for a medium-speed 5:1 gear ratio.

4. The Reel’s Drag System

The drag system on a spinning reel is one of the most important features. It’s the part responsible for applying pressure on a fish when it’s hooked as well as releasing the line during a fight against the catch.

It also has an impact on how often your line would break, so make sure you get a reel with a high-quality drag system and smooth performance.

Generally, there are 2 types of drag systems: a front drag and a rear one. They differ in their location and their styles. Front-drag systems come with multiple large drag washers to make your reel more durable and enhance its performance.

On the other hand, rear-drag controls make your fights easier as they’re more accessible. However, they’re not suitable for fighting larger or more stubborn fish.

5. The Ball Bearings of the Reel

The ball bearings or bushings are placed within the body of the reel to provide it with smoothness, support, and stability.

A rule of thumb is that the more bearings found on a reel, the smoother its performance will be. And generally, 4 is the minimum number.

Getting a reel with sealed stainless steel bearings is better for the extra durability and ability to fish in saltwater without it corroding.

When it comes to the ball bearings, you shouldn’t concern yourself with the budget as the smoothness will have a huge impact on your fishing experience.

6. The Spool of the Reel

The spools on the reel The reel’s spool has 3 important functions: controlling the casting distance, providing smoothness, and holding the line.

There are 2 types of spools: internal or skirted. Internal spools are a bit out-dated and they can get entangled within the body of the reel.

On the other hand, skirted spools work smoother and with less probability of entanglement.

Moreover, there’s a variation of the skirted spool known as “long cast” whose design makes it a lot more functional.

It’s longer and shallower, so it minimizes the friction of the line and enables you to cast for longer distances. You can go for a Mag spool to benefit from its long castability.

Mag spoils are wider and flatter than regular ones -a design that makes its casts longer and its retrieves faster.

On top of that, the design works on reducing lone twists and maximizing the line pickup with each handle crank.

7. The Reel’s Anti-Reverse Handle

The anti-reverse handles of the reel Anti-reverse handled are also an important aspect on a spinning reel as they work on preventing the handle from spinning backward.

This ensures that your hook sets are solid and precise. The larger the arms and knobs on a reel, the faster the handle would be and the firmer your grip on it would be.

Final Thoughts

Spinning reels are the most popular types of reels (compared to spin cast or baitcasting reels). Their open-faced design makes them more accurate and quite easy to use.

Moreover, their versatility allows you to add a good amount of line and some even come with an extra spool for easier line changes.

The only problem with them is that they can’t handle heavier weights of lines, so the fish you catch with them will probably be not that big.