How to Choose the Best Fishing Life Jackets

Accidents are inevitable! And your safety comes first.

While thinking about taking a boat and begin a fishing trip, you need to think about your well-being as well.

You might get injured under any circumstances. For example, your boat might be hit by another fishing boat that is coming up from a rare sight or a huge-hidden sharp rock under the water can damage your canoe...etc.

If any of what is mentioned above happens, you need to make sure that your team is safe and sound.

So, having fishing life jackets is important. And while you can use your swimming skills, there's the risk of losing your consciousness or getting a severe injury that hinders your ability to swim. 

In such cases, A PFD (personal flotation device) fishing life jacket can guarantee your safety. They will certainly help you float over the water.

Things to Consider While Buying a Fishing Life Jacket.
There are some things you need to consider when you decide to buy a fishing life jacket to guarantee your safety. Here is a list of some of the most important things you need to give a thought to in a fishing life jacket:


Lifesaving feature


Firstly, you need to make sure that the life jacket’s design has the capability to keep your head above the water and make you continue breathing, in case you are too weak to swim or severely injured.


Authorized and approved


Always make sure that the jacket you are buying is authorized and approved by The Coast Guard authority of the U.S. You can check the manufacturing details on the tag attached to the body of the jacket


Safety and size


There are many anglers who love to take their kids with them on the fishing trip to teach them the sport at a young age. Each kid should have a PFD jacket with an appropriate size because the adult-sized ones will not provide safety for a kid. Additionally, adults should get a suitable size for themselves too to make sure that they are comfortable wearing the jacket for a long time. So, size matters. Too big or too small cannot provide you safety. 


Rips and Leakage 


Of course, you are buying a fishing life jacket to ensure your safety. So, make sure that the jacket you are buying does not have a rip or a leak because if it does, that means that there is a possibility of waterlogging.


Design and Look


The more a fishing life jacket looks smart, the better because it will encourage you to wear it throughout the whole trip. You can find a variety of designs with many amazing colors. In the past, there were only two colors that you could find: red and blue. However, now you can find many others and choose your favorite. 


Special design features


The most essential feature that needs to be present in a life jacket is to keep you afloat at the moment of necessity. During a fishing trip, the angler can go through many imbalances that lead to falling into the water. So, some of the life jackets are designed to have special collars in the jacket to keep the angler’s head above the water. 


Life Jacket Structure


Always bear in mind that choosing a manual life jacket is much better than the automatic one. It is easier to maintain what has fewer components. Additionally, you need to check the shell and the inflation bladder. Always keep in mind while buying a life jacket that can be torn or penetrated by any sharp equipment.


Buoyancy Rate


This is the feature that helps keep your head above the water surface in high waves. Always make sure that you choose the jacket that can provide you with a buoyancy rate of 35 pounds (15.87 Kg) if you are a professional angler who is knowledgeable about the bay areas and flats, you should get a jacket with 22-26 pounds (9-11 kilograms).


Pflueger President Review

Are you and angler who is searching for a budget-friendly spinning reel?

Then look no further because the Pflueger President spinning reel with its five different models, all with different specifications, is the answer to all your prayers.

The Pflueger President is an excellent reel that has a wide variety of features that will compel any angler to purchase it.

Throughout this article, we will further explore this reel to identify its best and worst attributes.

Different Models

The Pflueger President comes in five different models, which are the 6920, 6952, 6930, 6935, and 6940. These models differ in their monofilament capacity, braided line capacity, line Recovery, ball bearings, maximum drag pressure, and finally, their weight.

Stainless steel, Graphite, and Aluminum

This whole reel, including the rotor, is crafted from these three materials. They make the reel very durable. Moreover, the reel is very light as the lightest model only weighs 5.9 (oz.) while the heaviest model weighs 10.9 (oz.).

The handle is crafted from Aluminum. This makes it extremely durable, as it is capable of withstanding many hours of usage. It is not impacted by rainy weather or dust, as nothing will stop it from performing.

Soft Touch Ergonomic Knob

This feature makes you more comfortable when gripping the knob. The company went to great extents to make fishing as pleasant and as comfortable as possible. The knob is shaped in a dimpled knob design. It fits perfectly at your fingertips.

10-Bearing System

This is the same bearing system used in other models. It does not need to be changed as it functions perfectly. Corrosion-resistant stainless steel ball bearings are used in this system, and they provide you with an excellent and smooth retrieval. However, since this is not a sealed bearing system, you will have to wash your reel whenever you fish in salty water.

Sure-Click™ Heavy Duty Aluminum Bail

This feature is a trademark for almost all of the Pflueger reels. It generates a click sound that signals that the bail is open and ready to cast. However, it is recommended that you manually close the bail after casting to give your reel a longer life span. The bail is constructed from heavy-duty Aluminum, which will make it last longer and be stronger than any of its predecessors.

Braid Ready Spool

This is a beautiful addition to this model. The braid ready spool is made from Aluminum, which makes durable. It allows braid to be directly tied to the spool using a series of vertical rubber grommets that will enable the slippery braid to grip the spool and without needing to have mono backing.

Models

The first model is the PRESSP20X or the 6920. It has a braid capacity of 180/4, 125/6 and 100/8, a monofilament capacity of 200/2, 100/4 and 80/6, 9 ball bearings and a roller bearing, a maximum drag of 6 (lbs.), a 5:2:1 gear ratio, 20.7 line recovery and finally weighs 5.9 (oz.).

The second model is the PRESSP25X or the 6925. It has a 200/4, 140/6, and 110/8 braid capacity, a 220/2, 110/4 and 90/6 monofilament capacity, 9 ball bearings and a roller bearing, a maximum drag of 6 (lbs.), a 5:2:1 gear ratio, 22.4 line recovery and finally it weighs 7.2 (oz.).

The third model is the PRESSP30X or the 6930. It has a 275/6, 190/8, and 160/10 braid capacity, a 225/4, 145/6 and 130/8 monofilament capacity, 9 ball bearings and a roller bearing, a maximum drag of 9 (lbs.), a 5:2:1 gear ratio, 25.2 line recovery and finally it weighs 8.3 (oz.).

The fourth model is the PRESSP35X or the 6935. It has a 250/8, 220/10, and 160/14 braid capacity, a 230/6, 185/8 and 155/10 monofilament capacity, 9 ball bearings and a roller bearing, a maximum drag of 10 (lbs.), a 5:2:1 gear ratio, 27.4 line recovery and finally it weighs 9.9 (oz.).

The fifth and final model is the PRESSP40X or the 6940. It has a 320/10, 280/14, and 220/20 braid capacity, 285/8, 230/10 and 195/12 monofilament capacity, 9 ball bearings and a roller bearing, a maximum drag of 12 (lbs.), a 5:2:1 gear ratio, 30.2 line recovery and it weighs 10.9 (oz.)

Pros

  • Strong
  • Braid Ready Spool
  • Soft Touch Knob

Cons

  • The bail is not sealed

Final Thoughts

Finally, it is safe to say that this is one of the best budget-friendly spinning reels on the market. It is very cost-effective, and you will be getting a bang for your buck when you purchase it.

It is packed with amazing features that will turn your fishing trips into a fun and comfortable experience that you will never forget.

How to Pick a Fly Tying Vise: A Buying Guide.

When you’re deciding on a fly tying vise to buy, you should know that there are plenty of options and that none considerably outshines the others. It’s all a matter of preference.

So you should make sure that you’ve tried out as many fly tying vises as you can, rate them, and then pick the one that suits you best.

But generally, the things you should pay attention to when you’re testing the vise are as follows:

Rotary vs. Non-Rotary Vises

Vises have two variants: rotary and non-rotary vises.

Non-rotary vises are more common and affordable. They have basic functionality but lack extras such as bells and whistles that are typically found on rotary vises.

These extras make rotary vises the more favored option by seasoned anglers and professionals.

This is because they’re practical when it comes to winding the wire or when ribbing is involved.

Moreover, rotary vises give you 360-degree tying flexibility as well as the ability to inspect the fly from different angles.

Rotary vises also give you the ability to rotate the hook for more convenience and ease of use.

So it’s pretty evident that they’re a lot superior to non-rotary vises. However, they’re also a lot more expensive, so if you’re not experienced enough to use one, you might want to start with a more affordable non-rotary vise.

C-Clamp vs. Pedestal Vise

Choosing between a C-clamp and a pedestal vise depends on how you prefer tying your flies.

If you enjoy tying your flies at home before setting out on your fishing trip, then a C-clamp is the better choice for you. This is because they work best when you’re operating from a permanent and stable place.

Contrarily, if you prefer portability and a vise that works in different places, then you should go for a pedestal one.

Pedestal vises are, naturally, more compact, and easier to carry around.

Materials

Fly tying vises are usually made from aluminum, steel, or a combination of both.

Aluminum ones are lighter and have better resistance against corrosion, and that’s why they’re the better choice if you’re going for a pedestal fly tying vise that you’ll take into action.

On the other hand, steel vises are more durable, powerful, and offer a better grip.

So if you’re going for a C-clamp vise, it’s better if you get a steel one.

Being heavier and bulkier won’t be a problem as you’re going for stationary use, and you’ll enjoy the power and reliability it has to offer.

Jaws

You can go for a vise with fixed jaws or interchangeable ones. The latter is superior in that it accommodates a wider range of hooks, consequently providing you with more versatility.

And these allow you to tie tiny midge hooks as well as large saltwater ones, so they cover the entire gamut.

However, they’re more expensive, so if you’re not going to target a wide range of species, go for a fixed-jaw model.

Types of Jaws

When you’re shopping for vises, you’ll find that there are two types out there: collet and lever-type (parallel clamp) vises.

Collet Vises

Collet vises use one-piece jaws that resemble tweezers when they’re in the open position.

At the rear of the vise barrel, you'll find a lever and cam that you can use to pull and push the jaws into a ring called a collet.

Most collet vises have a sleeker profile, and because of the tremendous force exerted onto the collet, push-collet vises usually come with a substantial metal collar behind the jaws. Some anglers may face problems accessing small hooks due to this design.

Level-Type (Parallel Clamp) Vises

Lever-type jaws operate in a similar way to a wooden clothespin, as they require two-piece jaws, a fulcrum, and a mechanism to close the jaws.

On some models, a small screw near the tip of the jaws offers adjustment between hook-wire diameters.

You can use a thumbscrew or a cam level to close jaws by separating the “tails” of the jaws.

Both designs have advantages and downsides, so it depends on the performance you’re looking to get from your vise.

Types of Vise Bases

When you’re fly fishing, you’re going to target a wide array of species. And this is the main problem when it comes to bases as there’s no one-size-fits-all.

A rule of thumb is, the heavier the base is, the sturdier and more stable it will be.

Bronze Pocket Base

These are tough, well-designed, and easy to carry around.

Bronze Traditional Base

Although these are a little bulky, they act as a very stable platform.

Aluminum Pocket Base

These are small, lightweight, and affordable. However, they only work with small hooks.

The Bobbin Cradle

Not all vises come with a bobbin cradle, but the ones that do offer you more convenience allow you to rest your bobbin between tying sessions.

The good part about this component is that if you don’t have the budget to buy a vise with a bobbin cradle, you can build one yourself.

Final Thoughts

Although vises have different features, components, and finishes, buying a certain vise won’t guarantee anything if you don’t master the technique, then it won’t be effective.

You have to understand how vises work and know your control or things that hold the feather in a specific way –in other words, lots of practice.

What Is the Best Time of Day to Go Fishing?

Fishing or angling is the sport of trying to catch a fish with a rod, line and baited hooks. Fishing goes back thousands of years, and it appears that its techniques were already quite advanced at a very early date. What is more important than the techniques, is definitely the timing. The question should not be ‘how to’ but ‘when to.’ It is difficult to decide when is the best time to grab your fishing equipment and hit the water. 

Surely, there are so many factors that affect the way your target fish act, and honestly, there is no golden rule as for the best time to try your hand. 

Times of Fishing

Time, weather, tides are prominent factors that affect the behavior of the fish. As for the time, there are four different periods in the day and, of course, the types of fish and the techniques differ from each period of the day. 

Dawn and Early Morning

It is one of the perfect and suitable times for angling. It is when the water temperature is at its lowest in summer, spring or even early fall. It is when you find only a few people. So, you will not be dealing with loud kids and splashing swimmers. This time of the day is when the fish come up to a place where it is moderately cool before the sun’s rays warm up the surface. It is when the flying insects are active as well. So surely, any angler has a great chance of catching different kinds of fish. 

As far as early morning in winter is concerned, it is not the best at all because the temperature of the water and air is the same specifically at that time and season; so, the fish remain in the bottom inactive waiting for the sun’s light and rays to warm up the surface a little bit. 

Late Morning and Noon 

Yes, it is that difficult -sometimes, unbearable- time of the day. It is the same to the fish. Late morning and noon is when the sun gets high in the middle of the sky and heats the surface. It is when its rays at their strongest and everywhere is warm. Of course, we try as much as possible to avoid being exposed to this kind of temperature and so do the fish. They swim deep in search of colder water. As aforementioned, weather plays a very important role in the way of the behavior of the fish, so the more windy and rainy it is, the more chances you get to catch many fish because overcast weather reduces the amount of sunlight and rays to the surface, accordingly, the temperature gets low and the fish will swim towards the surface for the warm water. Late morning and noon is the best time in winter to grab your gear and go fishing because it is the only period of the day where the water gets warmed up a bit and that enables the fish to move around and feed. 

Afternoon and Dusk 

Similar to early morning, afternoon is a very rich time of the day to go fishing in summer, spring and fall because the sun is low in position and that helps the water to be cooler, and accordingly, the fish become active and feed. Noon still remains the most productive time of the day in winter, but bear in mind that it quickly come to a standstill due to the sunset. 

Evening and Midnight 

Always bear in mind that in warm weather the period between dusk and midnight is one of the fruitful and high-yielding time to go and fish. It is the unavailability of light that triggers some fish to go out and feed, especially in the first half of the night. The dim light of the moon helps your lure to be visible to the fish and that gives you lots of chances to catch so many types of fish; however, the process slows down as the night moves forward because the temperature gets lower accordingly. You still can hit the water and there is no harm to try a hand. In winter, late night fishing is not preferable because most of the fish do not feed excessively and prefer to remain inactive in the bottom.

Further Considerations

As aforementioned, it is not only time that determine when to go fishing, but there are other factors that you need to bear in mind as well. 

Tidal Conditions

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels due to the gravitational forces by the Moon and the Sun, and the rotation of the Earth. Always bear in mind that if you are angling in saltwater, paying attention to the tides is worthy. There are two different types of tides; outgoing and incoming tides. It is said by so many anglers that incoming tides is one of the most productive times to hit the water. While the outgoing tides -or falling tides- will always carry your baits out. As the tide begins to raise the water, fish start beat-pounding in search of food. So, avoid exercising fishing in immobile saltwater. 

Atmospheric Conditions

Weather patterns is a very significant factor that shape the behavior of the fish. As previously mentioned, the more wind and rain there, the more chances of having a very productive catch and that is applied in summer; however, in late fall and winter, the fish sometimes remain inactive in the bottom. 

 Safety and Comfort

You certainly spend time thinking of which time is suitable for fishing and the times that the fish is comfortable to come out, of course considering what affects you too is important. What makes fishing or angling fun and enjoyable is not only the amount of fish you catch, but the time spent as well. So, you need to make sure that it is spent while you are safe and comfortable. 

In case you are fishing in the late morning and early noon especially in summer, spring and fall, you need to make sure to put on sunscreen and wear a hat to protect you from the harmful sun rays. However, that does not apply to early morning trips since you will not be exposed to many sun rays. Insects become so active in the late afternoon. Of course, you do not want to end up with itchy parts on your body from biting insects. So, make sure you put on bug spray or wear long sleeves and pants preferably. Speaking of bugs and biting insects, night fishing is the most challenging time regarding this aspect because mosquitoes and bugs are very active in that time. So, spray the repellent, mate! Fish can see in the dark, you cannot. So, always make sure your night fishing is accompanied with a good flashlight or lantern, and if possible, you can get one of those headlamps to give you a good sight in the dark and free your hands a bit. 

Final Thoughts

It is definitely helpful to follow the above guidelines and fish in the most fruitful time of day, season or weather conditions, but always remember that fishing is all about luck. Many anglers say that sometimes they are lucky in wrong times, and there are plenty of fish in the sea, maybe some go in search of food while you are trying a hand. Give it a shot anytime you feel like fishing, surely there will be no huge harm.

Spinning Reel vs. Bait-caster

This comparison between the two reels is to help guide you through the fishing world. Reels are the first thing you should be thinking about whether you are preparing a fishing trip or want to try out fishing for the first time. This is because it is the device that allows you to cast your bait at different distances and get you the fish you want.

However, the different types of reels can confuse you. Both the spinning reel and the bait-caster have the same job, but each of them has different qualities and characteristics. You can use both or you can pick one depending on your fishing preference and level of experience. In other words, your choice between a spinning reel and a bait-caster depends on which fish you want to catch and are you a beginner or a pro?

This can be a tricky comparison. So, here are the major differences you need to consider when choosing between them.

1. Casting Distance 

Baitcasters have a higher ability than spinning reels to make you cast further and with greater accuracy. Using a bait caster will allow you to reach the “honeypot”  while you are standing far on the shore. They also give you more accuracy over long distances.

2. Types of Hooks, Lures, and Fish

Spinning reels are more adaptable with small hooks and lighter lures. They have a sensitive drag system, allowing them to be more convenient with small and average-size fish. While baitcasters are more suitable for fishing and handling larger fish. The reel has more control with heavy weighted lures and hooks.

Another significant point; spinning reels work more efficiently with live bait than baitcasters do. 

3. The Gear Ratio

Baitcasters have a higher gear ratio than that of spinning reels. They provide faster casting and retrieval of the spool. The high-speed options of the baitcasters facilitate the fishing process especially when big sized fish are tangled on the heavy lures. 

As for the spinning reels, they have a lower gear ratio, sometimes it levels up to medium speed. Moreover, they tend to need a small manual intervention, so you might need to hold the line while you are casting the bait with your index to give it more control when casting. 

4. Backlash Risk

Spinning reels suffer fewer backlashes as they handle the wind better. They provide more stability against the wind due to the lightness of their lures. On the other side, baitcasters are more subject to backlashes. This is because they form wind knots due to the instability of their lures. 

5. The Orientation of the Spool

In baitcasters, the orientation of the spool is more of fixed control. It requires minimum effort when casting or dropping as the spool is in line with the fishing rod. So, it makes the casting of the bait smoother and quicker. 

Although the spinning reels have higher flexibility, they have less control over the spool. Their spool is perpendicular to the fishing rod. So, the line of the spinning reel is placed directly away from the rod. It takes more time to follow the line of the rod.

6. The Direction of your Hand

The spinning reels top over the baitcasters in the “swapping option”. Spinning reels allows you to use it through both sides, by swapping it to the left or to the right. 

Contrarily a baitcaster doesn’t have a “swapping option”. You can only purchase a reel of a certain design, either for left-handed or right-handed people. It is not a -on-the-run kind of reel. 

Final Thoughts

Finally, we can say that these differences may seem minor for an experienced fisher. However, for a beginner who wants something easy, flexible and doesn’t require much focus. The spinning reel is your ultimate choice. It is guaranteed that you have a fun and enjoyable fishing experience. This is because you won’t have to worry about backlashes or bad water conditions. You will cast and retrieve hoping an average fish is caught on the lure. And you get to enjoy the sound of the drag being pulled at a fast pace. It gives you an unforgettable adrenaline rush. 

If you are a pro or you want to have customized fishing experience, then go for the baitcasters, they are the real deal. They allow you to have control in most situations, seize bigger fish and gain more professional experience. 

A final piece of advice is to plan your fishing trip ahead by knowing what kind of fish you want and what kind of experience you want to have out of your trip.No one knows the type of reel that will suit you well except you. Do your research first.  

How to Clean a Baitcasting Reel at Home?

A baitcasting reel is one of the most popular reels in the fishing world. It is the easiest type for beginners and the lightest type for the pros. You can’t go fishing without it. Naturally, after a long successful fishing weekend, you may want to clean your baitcasting reel, to ensure that it stays practical, flawless and free from any dirt or tangles. 

Also, if you clean your baitcasting reel frequently it wouldn’t corrode quickly. Although you can give it to a fishing shop to clean it for you, you are better off doing this job yourself. If you clean your baitcasting reel at home, you are more likely to get it cleaned faster and with higher accuracy.

So, how do you clean a baitcasting reel?  There are 5 simple steps you should follow. Continue reading to know what you should do, the tools you should get and what details you shouldn’t miss.  

Step 1: Gather the Required Cleaning Tools 

For the efficient cleaning of your baitcasting reel, you will need the following tools:

  1. Warm water with soap or distilled water
  2. Dry towel
  3. Cotton or a toothbrush
  4. Cotton swabs or Q-tips
  5. Oil or a degreaser
  6. Rubbing alcohol
  7. Lubricants

Step 2: Double-Cleaning

The outer cover can be as dirty as the inside of the reel. So, firstly, you must clean the outer cover by brushing the dirt off with a dry towel or a toothbrush.

Secondly, you should open the reel’s cover, take the spool out, either smoothly wipe it with a cotton pad containing rubbing alcohol or tap it gently to dust out any dirt. 

Thirdly, separate the lines and spool from the reel and soak them in warm water, you may add soap with them. Leave them for a few minutes, then dry them. After the spool is dry, it is better to rub oil on its sides. This is because oil makes the spool performance easier and smoother. 

Finally, clean the inside of the reel by using cotton swabs or Q-tips. 

Step 3: Deep Cleansing 

To properly clean the internal sides of the reel, you need to deep clean it. 

Dip the cotton swabs or Q-tips into the rubbing alcohol, then move it along the internal surface to get any stuck dirt out. Repeat the process 2 or 3 times to make sure that you have reached all the places the dirt might accumulate in.

The internal sides of the reel contain “ the pinion area” and because it is a small and narrow area, you will need to use a Q-tip to reach its insides. This Q-tip must be dipped in rubbing alcohol. 

Step 4: Re-touch 

After cleaning the reel internally and externally, you have to finish with lubricating the bearings and the spool by using a lubricant gel. This process of lubrication will reduce the friction between the spool and the line and will reduce the chances of the reel’s corrosion. It will also keep the baitcasting reel working as smoothly as a new one. 

Step 5: Final Touches

Now, it’s time for the final touch before re-putting the parts of the reel back together; to clean the handles. You can clean them by removing them and soaking them into the warm water with soap or by using a Q-tip or a cotton swab with oil. You may want to polish it with oil to prevent its erosion. 

Furthermore, you have to wait for the cleaned parts to dry, then protect them from future dirt and corrosion by putting a layer of oil on them. Reet oil is the best choice. And when everything is dried up, add all the parts together. It will be as smooth, polished and cleaned as a new reel.

Final Thoughts

Cleaning a baitcasting reel can be a fulfilling job, polishing and varnishing your baitcasting reel can give you a feeling of glory as cleaning your baitcasting reel is essential for smooth and long-lasting performance without having to buy new reels or getting your reel repaired every now and again. 

So all you have to do is to make sure that your cleaning process is successful is that; while cleaning your reel, you must search for the hidden parts where the dirt can accumulate, But be careful not to mess, tangle or cut any part. 

The most favorable time to clean your baitcasting reel is after a long fishing day in saltwater. Though you don’t have to do it frequently, it is preferable to clean it when you have been using it for long hours. If you follow those steps closely, the look and glow of your reel will speak of itself. 

How Fishing Can Benefit Your Life

How Fishing Can Benefit Your Life

There’s a lot more to fishing than meets the eye. And that’s a reason why you probably weren’t aware that there are a lot of ways that fishing can positively impact your life.

If you can't fathom how then let me tell you several ways that fishing can be beneficial to your life.

Fishing and Physical Well-Being

Full-Body Workout

The main character in Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea fights against a massive marlin for three days. And while this is fiction, it doesn’t mean catching a fish –no matter how small- doesn’t require engaging a lot of muscles including back, arms, core, shoulders, and legs.

Excellent Low-Impact Activity

While running is a great way to keep your blood pumping, it does inflict some damage on your knees in the long run.

The same is true for many power exercises.

And that’s another reason why fishing is a great way to get your body active –it doesn’t include any wear or tear due to impact.

Improves Cardiovascular Health

Depending on the kind of fishing you like to do, you can burn anywhere up to 200 calories per hour.

That is unless you’re just sitting around with your beer waiting for a fish to start tugging.

You’ll definitely get your lungs and heart working if you move around to test different spots, casting, and reeling your line.

Improves Balance and Coordination

Anyone that's reeled in a bigger fish knows that the process requires a lot of maneuvering. And to keep your balance, you need flexibility and core strength, both of which you can acquire through fishing.

Moreover, fishing helps you keep all your limbs moving in coordination to be able to keep your balance and catch the fish.

Fishing for Food

Fish are low in cholesterol and fat while high in protein. That’s why many nutritionists and dietary experts would recommend a regular diet of fish.

And if the fish you cook is the same as the fresh one you just caught on a fishing trip, it makes the benefits all the more effective and rewarding in every sense.

Fishing and Mental Well-being

Family Bonding

I don't think there's any of us who don't remember a fishing trip with their grandpa, father, uncle, or big brother.

And if for any reason you don't, you can always go with your kids and teach them how everything is done.

It’ll Bring You Closer to Nature

Fishing is a great way to be at one with nature as you’ll be doing it around water surfaces surrounded by trees or at a beach.

The fresh air with the breeze from the water will definitely help you become more grounded and recharge your battery.

Teaches Patience

Like actual muscles, patience needs to be trained and put into action.

Catching fish requires a good amount of waiting, which teaches you the virtue of patience and encourages you to be persistent.

Although you may be defeated sometimes, such as when you have to change spots, you’ll learn not to give up and pursue your goal.

Gives Your Immune System a Boost

Even if you haven’t caught any fish, you can still celebrate the victory of getting your dose of vitamin D.

Vitamin D helps your body manage the absorption of phosphorus and calcium –two minerals that boost the immune system and helps it fight against diseases.

Encourages You to Kick Back

You can also celebrate the mere idea of getting some relaxation.

You’d have spent long hours surrounded by nature while you focus on a task that matches meditation.

This lowers blood pressure and consequently reduces anxiety.

Encourages Travel and Exploration

Like any activity, sometimes you'll get bored of fishing in your usual area and would want to go to a nearby lake. Maybe in a neighboring town.

Sometimes, people travel across the world to fish in the most rewarding and enjoyable fishing spots.

And through traveling and meeting fellow anglers, you can learn to be more open to experiences and to different people and cultures.

Final Thoughts

When all is said and done, fishing can be an enjoyable experience overall.

It is one of the most popular hobbies and activities all over the world, and for a good reason.

Apart from the stress-relief, general body, and brain workout, you also get a catch for dinner that can encourage you to follow healthier eating habits.

A Beginner’s Guide to Fishing

Beginner’s Guide to Fishing

Fishing is a great way to spend your time doing an activity that’s both beneficial and relaxing.

But it may be a little confusing if you’re only starting out and you’re not sure how or where from you should.

And that’s why I’ve made this little beginner’s guide to explain everything you need to know when you want to get familiar with fishing.

Different Kinds of Fishing

Although fishing may seem like just letting a line hang and waiting for a catch, there’s a lot more to it than just that. There are many variations, and some of them are harder than the others.

Freshwater Fishing

Such as lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams. This type of water has minimal salt content.

Saltwater Fishing

Such as the sea or ocean. This type of water has a high salt content. Not only that, but it can vary from shallow and deep waters –the latter being for the more experienced.

Fly Fishing

In fly fishing, you lure a fish on a hook by a bait that looks like a fly. It also includes some wading into rivers and casting outlines.

Ice Fishing

You make a hole in the ice using a special tool and catch your fish through that hole. As a beginner, ice fishing shouldn’t be the first type you start with.

Also, you may require a good fish finder as you wouldn't be able to see the fish and locate them.

Shore Fishing

Fishing from the bank or the shore is probably the ideal way to start as you’ll be close to home. Anything extra you might need would also be readily accessible.

Kayak Fishing

Fishing from a kayak or a small boat can be done in both freshwater and saltwater. It’s fun because you can change spots and go as deep as you want.

The Type of Fish You Can Catch

Some fish are quite stubborn and can put up fierce fights. So if you're looking for the easiest fish to catch, here are some suggestions.

Burbot

These are quite common as they feed on almost anything. This doesn’t only mean that they’re easy to find but also to catch. They don’t put up a strong or a long fight.

Trout

There are many types of trout, but the most common are brown and rainbow trout. They're good at adapting and that's why they can be found in many places with different circumstances.

Although they bite for a variety of baits, they’re still clever and learn from the past. So you may have to change up your bait from time to time.

Bass

Bass is quite aggressive and would like to pursue your bait. So although catching them would be easy, reeling them in won't be as simple.

Perch

Perch are common and also aggressive. They’re what can be considered invasive fish.

Catching them won’t be easy because they’re attracted to many types of bait. However, reeling them in could be a hassle as they’re known to put up a fight.

Crappie

They are similar to perch as they’re invasive. They’re usually found in groups, so you might end up with many if you manage to catch one.

Catfish

You can find Catfish anywhere as they’re scavengers that eat just about anything.

Tip: They're easier to catch with bait rather than a lure.

Sunfish

Sunfish don’t even require any trying as they sort of jump onto your hook. Use smaller lures and bait as they’re already quite small.

How to Put Line on a Fishing Reel

Open the bail on your reel and tie the line on the arbor using an arbor knot.

Afterward, place the spool on a steady surface with the label facing up. You have to load the line on the reel the same way it comes off of the spool.)

Next, apply light pressure to the line as you turn your reel’s handle to make sure the line doesn’t go loose or cause any problems.

After that, stop and check your line for any twists by letting it go slack. If it twists, start over and turn your spool to the other side.

Finally, keep filling your spool until it’s about 1/8th of an inch from the rim. This helps prevent under or overfilling.

If you learn better through watching videos, you can make use of this tutorial.

You may also want to check out how to bait a hook or cast the spinning reel.

Releasing or Keeping Your Fish

For any reason, you might want to release the fish you caught. And when you do that, make sure that it survives.

It’s best if you use barbless hooks as they don’t cause any damage to the insides of the fish, enabling it to continue living naturally and peacefully after you release it.

On the other hand, if you want to keep your fish, you want to keep them fresh. You can do so by putting them in insulated boxes, a large bucket with an aerator or a self-closing basket that you can place underwater.

Final Thoughts

Of course, this is very basic and general fishing information just to give you an idea about the process and a place from which to start.

How to Choose a Fishing Line for Your Spinning Reel

How to Choose a Fishing Line for Your Spinning Reel

Before we dive into the fishing lines, let’s establish the fact that spinning reels come in a variety of sizes.

Spinning reels have a fixed, open-faced spool that’s in line with the surf fishing rod. The spool itself is stationary and what spins is the rotor or line guide.

Now that you understand how your spinning reel works, you can understand how to pick the best fishing line for it.

Types of Fishing Lines

You should understand that fishing lines come in three variations: Monofilament (mono) is a single strand of nylon.

Second is braid (microfilament or braided) which is a set of fused or braided strands of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.

And third is fluorocarbon which is a single strand of polyvinylidene fluoride.

Each of them has its own pros and cons. And according to your style of fishing, where, and what you’ll be fishing for, one could have an advantage over the other.

The Characteristics of Fishing Lines

Line Diameter

The line diameter refers to the width of the fishing line and is measured in inches or mm.

It affects many things, such as the friction between the line and the spool. The higher the friction, the more the distance of casting is reduced.

And while the difference isn’t that huge, it can still help if you need that extra distance.

Furthermore, line diameter has an impact on the movement of your lures in the water as it can generate water resistance against the line.

If you’re fishing for a wary type of fish, go for a smaller diameter line to eliminate any water disturbance.

Overall, a small line diameter will provide you with more line on the reel, better lure action, and improved casting ability. However, lower diameter lines tend to sink quicker.

Line Color

You can choose a colorful line as a means to camouflage it as it blends easier in the water. Contrarily, you can go for more vibrant colors if you want something that helps you locate your lure in the water more efficiently.

In a lake or a place with natural vegetation, neutral colors like olives and greys would serve as camouflage.

On the other hand, red and yellow lines would give you more visibility to find your bait in the water and check on how it’s behaving.

The durability of the Line

While no line will last with you a lifetime, the way they deteriorate and lose their strength is different.

For example, braided line dulls and frays. On the other hand, fluorocarbon and mono lines breakdown under the effect of ultraviolet rays and water absorption.

So, you should make your decision depending on how long you’ll spend in the sun and if you’re going to be fishing from a boat or a place with no shade.

The Line Twist

As deterioration is inevitable, unfortunately, so is line twisting.

And while the twisting is mainly affected by the spinning reel itself, the frequency depends more on the bearings system and the line you use.

Monofilament and fluorocarbon lines are more prone to twist than braid as they’re thinner single strands.

Line Strength or Pound Test

The line strength indicates how much weight your line can pull without snapping.

You can go for lower pounds test ratings if you’re going to aim for smaller fish that don’t put up a fight such as panfish and crappie.

However, if you're going for more stubborn ones, you should get a more robust line.

Line Stretch

Finding the perfect balance between the stretching of the line and its flexibility without breaking or affecting the hook-sets is very critical.

If you’re going to fish right beneath your boat, a line with low stretch and high sensitivity would be more convenient.

On the other hand, when you’re using top-water baits, you’ll need something that counters the strike’s shock factor. And that’s when you should choose a line with less sensitivity, and consequently more stretch.

The Line’s Memory

Try to get the lowest memory you can get as that would enhance the line and make it less likely to tangle your reel or rod.

High memory lines are prone to float and twist above water instead of sinking as the weight doesn’t hold them down.

Final Thoughts

Your style of fishing and your target type of fish will dictate the kind of line you'll need on your spinning reel.

Monofilament line is the most affordable option, and that’s why many anglers choose it.

However, it does have a lot of stretches, has noticeable spool memory and is a lot less sensitive than braided or fluorocarbon lines.

Because it’s colorless and less visible, fluorocarbon usually acts as a lead material and isn’t used to fill an entire spool. It’s the ideal choice if you’re fishing in clear water. Furthermore, it has reduced line memory and stretch than monofilament line.

Note: Some lines are only fluorocarbon-coated, which means they'll have the characteristics of monofilament rather than fluorocarbon.

Finally, braid lines are the strongest as they’re made from several strands. They have little to no stretch properties and therefore are incredibly sensitive.

However, they're more prone to break and fray in a shorter period compared to other lines. They also can't fight the effects of UV and water absorption so much.

Braided line also can’t be used for camouflage as it’s quite visible. Also, it will scare fish away if you use it for fishing in clear water.

How To Catch Trout: 7 Top Trout Fishing Tips

Trout Fishing Tips

Although there are numerous species of trout, anglers usually go for the 3 most popular ones: Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout, and Brook Trout.

Understanding the behavior of each species and advancing your techniques to keep up can really enhance the chances of getting more catches.

And if that’s what you’re looking for, this guide will provide you with all the information and tips you need.

Read more: Best Trout Spinning Reels 2019 – Buyer’s Guide

7 Tips for Catching Trout

1. Go For Smaller Hooks

Although trout have larger mouths, they consumer smaller food such as tiny bait fish, larvae, insects, as well as plankton.

I found that the smaller the diameter of my fishing hooks, the more successful my hook sets were.

It’s also worth mentioning that trout generally have more fragile mouths, so using smaller hooks and keeping them firm but not strong will ensure that no damage is inflicted on the mouths of your catches.

2. Reduce Barbs

Even more important than the smaller hook sizes are the barbless ones.

You can either go for barbless hooks or use a pair of pliers to pinch down the soft metal barbs. The latter would be the more economical option.

Despite the fact that barbs ensure that the fish will remain hooked, it does cause considerable damage when you’re unhooking it.

And I know that losing your catch without the barbs might be a concern for you. That’s why I recommend keeping the line very tight throughout the whole battle against the fish.

The line slacking is the perfect opportunity for the trout to spit the hook, so you shouldn’t give it that chance.

3. Match the Hatch

There’s no fishing guide that won’t include this particular tip.

Actually, whatever your prey is, getting a lure that imitates what it feeds on is the most effective way to maximize your catches.

If you're unsure about what lure to use for the species you're after, I've made a whole section for that a little down below.

4. Experiment with Lures to Find the Proper One

Although it's common knowledge that specific species go for certain types of lure, you can still experiment with various types when you're fishing on a large reservoir.

So for example, if you’re fishing for Rainbow trout, have a spoon on one line, a spinner on another, and a plug on the third.

Whatever the hook that gets bites should be your choice for the day.

5. Go for Live Bait If Allowed

Live bait can be as effective as fly fishing for catching moving trout.

Small minnows, worms, wax worms, smelt, grasshoppers, and meal-worms can all be great if you’re fishing for Rainbow trout.

6. Research Water in Your Area

Asking local fisheries biologists is one of the most helpful ways that you can use to increase your catches.

After all, these professionals are the ones that stock rivers and lakes with fish, set the daily fishing limits, and manage fish populations.

Doing some online research can also help you find the best bait and tackle shops. There, you can ask for tips on which bait to use and where to find your catches.

7. Understand where to Find Trout

Generally, trout are found in cold water. Be it a river, lake, stream, or pond.

And because they’re accessible wildlife food, you’ll definitely find them in the woods where bears, bobcats, and other animals fish for food.

In deeper lakes, you can find trout of larger sizes and evidently tougher battles. They’ll usually be feeding on smaller fish in the depths of lakes –especially during the salmon spawn.

Different Types of Trout, Their Locations, and How to Catch Them

1. Rainbow Trout

  • Where to find them

Rainbow trout like to swim around clear, cold headwaters, creeks, lakes, and rivers –especially of faster currents-.

  • How to catch them

Similar to mahi-mahi fish, rainbow trout take to the sky as soon as they’re hooked.

It’s quite common to see them jumping into the air while they’re attached to your line.

So fly fishing is the way to go with rainbow trout.

2. Brown Trout

  • Where to find them

Smaller brown trout prefer water with slow currents. The bigger they get, the slower they prefer the current. So, you'll find bigger ones around boulders or cut-banks.

Moreover, you’ll likely find more of them in cool, high-gradient streams and cold lakes.

  • How to catch them

This particular species of trout are smart and can even learn from the past, which means you should always plan to outsmart them.

The best time to fish for them is around dusk and when it’s getting darker as this is when they leave their hideouts and roam the water to feed.

3. Brook Trout

  • Where to find them

Brook trout go for pools and inner bends of streams. You’ll likely find them in clear, cool, and well-oxygenated creeks.

Small to medium-sized rivers and lakes are also good spots to find brook trout.

  • How to catch them

When you’ve found very cold water, you’ll likely find them in higher elevations.

They’re not the smartest in the bunch, but they’re pretty stubborn and will put up a fight, so keep your line tight.

4. Lake Trout

  • Where to find them

Lake trout like to swim around the edge banks right after the ice has melted out or around the late fall. Otherwise, you’ll find them at the bottom of lakes.

  • How to catch them

Use soft-bodied aquatic invertebrates such as flies, mayflies, stone-flies, caddisflies, dragonflies, and mollusks.

Fly fishing is also very effective with lake trout.

Using baits such as blood-worms, meal-worms, shrimp, and insects can prove quite effective.

5. Golden Trout

  • Where to find them

Golden trout will likely be swimming in the high sierras and in the Upper Kern River system.

You can also find them in streams or other waterways as they tend to hybridize with rainbow trout.

  • How to catch them

Golden trout won’t be found below 10,000 feet, so there’s no need to dig too deep.

However, you’ll need to bring your best bait as they’re quite picky eaters.

They usually go for chironomids (midges), so luring them with flies and similar tackle wouldn’t be quite difficult.

6. Cutthroat Trout

  • Where to find them

From northern California to Alaska and along the coast and east into some states like Colorado and Montana, cutthroat trout like small rivers, lakes, and gravel-bottom creeks.

  • How to catch them

Look for cutthroat trout around quiet eddies and behind snags. This is because –like brook trout- they prefer being around quiet current tongues, under rock ledges, and along undercut banks.

You can easily fool them with big, bushy flies. Adding tinsel can go a long way too.

Be prepared for a fight, however, as cutthroats are quite stubborn and as fierce as their name implies. And some patience if you’re fishing for them in the morning.

7.  Bull Trout

  • Where to find them

Bull trout prefer deep pools as well as snow and glacial runoff.

You can find them in the Arctic Pacific and east of Alaska. They’re also found north of Oregon up through British Columbia.